On September 8, 2021, State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi attended in Beijing by video link the first meeting of foreign ministers on the Afghan issue among the neighboring countries of Afghanistan.
Wang Yi said Afghanistan now stands at the crossroads of history. The United States and its allies hastily withdrew from Afghanistan, indicating that the politics of power, military intervention and the so-called “democratic transformation” promoted by Western countries led by the United States have resulted in a failure. However, Afghanistan still faces serious challenges such as humanitarian issues, people’s livelihoods and the COVID-19 pandemic. Some international forces may also use political, economic and financial means to create further unrest in Afghanistan. Yesterday, the Afghan Taliban announced the formation of an interim government, the “interim” indicated that the future of Afghanistan still has many uncertainties.
Wang Yi noted that we, as neighboring countries, are more anxious than anyone to see Afghanistan emerge from war and chaos, and return to peace and development. We must seize the critical window for the situation in Afghanistan to move from chaos to governance, to exert a positive influence on the development of the situation on the basis of respect for the sovereign independence and territorial integrity of the country. Afghanistan.
Wang Yi stressed that we should make an objective assessment of the history of the Afghan issue and call on the US and its allies to learn deep lessons and take responsibility on the Afghan issue. The United States and its allies are the culprits of the Afghan issue. Over the past 20 years, terrorist forces in Afghanistan have grown rather than eradicated, and the Afghan people have been mired in poverty and misery instead of achieving development and dignity. The common opinion of the international community is that the end of the military intervention of the United States and its allies should be the beginning of the assumption of their responsibilities. They are more obligated than any other country to provide economic assistance, livelihoods and humanitarian aid to the Afghan people, and to help Afghanistan maintain stability, prevent chaos and advance towards healthy development by respecting the sovereignty and independence of Afghanistan.
Wang Yi said we should guide and urge the Afghan Taliban to unite with all ethnic groups and factions, build a broad and inclusive political structure, pursue moderate and cautious domestic and foreign policies, draw a clear line with the forces. terrorists, and establish and develop friendly relations with other countries, especially neighboring countries. The Taliban have recently made positive statements on issues such as forming a government, combating terrorism and friendship with its neighbors. We welcome statements and the key is to turn them into concrete action. The two most important points are a broad tolerance and a determined repression of terrorism. We hope that the Taliban can learn from historical experience, actively interact with all ethnic groups and factions in Afghanistan during the reign of the interim government, and seriously honor their commitments to strive for international recognition.
Wang Yi said Afghanistan’s neighbors should play a unique role in addressing their own legitimate concerns and providing a good external environment for the stability and reconstruction of Afghanistan. At the present stage, we can focus on coordination and cooperation under the following six aspects:
First, to help Afghanistan strengthen the prevention and control of pandemics. As one of the countries with the lowest vaccination rate in the world, Afghanistan risks an accelerated spread of the pandemic. All parties can join hands and continue to provide pandemic supplies and technical assistance to Afghanistan. China has decided to donate 3 million doses of vaccine to the Afghan people in the first batch. China is also ready to provide more anti-pandemic and emergency supplies to Afghanistan as part of the China-South Asian countries emergency supplies reserve.
Second, keep the port doors open. Afghanistan’s economic and trade flows depend heavily on land ports. In order to ensure the security of our countries, we should maintain unimpeded ports of entry with Afghanistan. China is ready to actively discuss the resumption of China-Afghanistan freight trains, help other neighboring countries to strengthen their customs clearance capacities with Afghanistan, and facilitate Afghanistan’s interaction with the outside world, in particular its access to humanitarian supplies.
Third, strengthen the management and control of refugees and migrants. The United States and its allies should take primary responsibility for addressing the issue of Afghan refugees and migrants, while providing those countries that are able and willing to welcome Afghan refugees with the necessary compensation. We call on the Taliban to make their administration more inclusive and predictable, so that people can live and work in peace and contentment, a move that will fundamentally reduce the number of new refugees and migrants. In the meantime, we must vigorously support the United Nations and other multilateral mechanisms to play an active role in this regard.
Fourth, offer humanitarian assistance as soon as possible. Neighboring countries must help each other and lend a hand in difficult times. Based on the needs of the Afghan people, China has decided to provide emergency food, winter supplies, COVID-19 vaccines and medicine worth 200 million yuan. When security and other conditions are available, China stands ready to help Afghanistan build projects that will help improve the living conditions of the people and support peace, reconstruction and economic development of the country. Afghanistan within the limits of its capabilities.
Fifth, deepen cooperation on the counterterrorism and security fronts. Developments in Afghanistan have complicated the landscape for the international and regional fight against terrorism. We must urge the Taliban to resolutely break away from all extremist and terrorist forces and take effective measures to contain and combat them. All parties should step up intelligence sharing and cooperation in border control, stop and timely eliminate terrorist groups from Afghanistan, and ensure regional security and stability.
Sixth, cooperation in drug control. The Taliban recently announced that Afghanistan will no longer be a country of opium cultivation, which we must encourage and support. In addition, we must also help Afghan farmers to start alternative crops and jointly eliminate sources of drugs in the region. Meanwhile, China stands ready to take joint action with all parties to combat transnational drug crimes in the region and protect people’s lives, health and social stability in the region.
Wang Yi concluded that today’s foreign ministers’ meeting is the first attempt by countries neighboring Afghanistan to work closely in response to developments in the country. It also means setting up a mechanism for coordination and cooperation of neighboring countries, which is both timely and necessary. The meeting will give a common voice and an explicit political message from its neighboring countries. China supports the continued functioning of this unique mechanism so that countries can share policy proposals, coordinate positions and jointly address challenges through this platform.
Participants stressed that it is imperative for countries neighboring Afghanistan to harmonize their views and positions in the face of changes in that country. The international community must respect the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Afghanistan, help ensure security and stability and rebuild its economy, and provide emergency humanitarian assistance. The United States and its allies must live up to their responsibilities. Participants called for a new open and inclusive Afghan government that will represent all ethnic groups and factions and cut ties completely with all types of international terrorist organizations. All participants praised the consensus reached at the first meeting of foreign ministers on the Afghan issue among the neighboring countries of Afghanistan, recognized its unique role and agreed to institutionalize this meeting of foreign ministers. Foreign Affairs.
The first meeting of foreign ministers on the Afghan issue among the neighboring countries of Afghanistan was chaired by Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi. Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi, Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, Tajik Foreign Minister Sirojiddin Muhriddin, Uzbek Foreign Minister Abdulaziz Kamilov and Deputy Foreign Minister from Turkmenistan Vepa Hajiyev attended the meeting.