LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARABES: MIGRANTS AND REFUGEES
D’HAITITI UNHCR, IOM, UNICEF and OHCHR call for a comprehensive regional approach to address the protection needs of Haitian migrants, while also warning that the situation is likely to worsen following the impact of the Haiti earthquake. August 14 on the already limited reception capacities of returning Haitians who had fled violence and insecurity. At least 19,000 residents of the capital Port-au-Prince were displaced by violence in 2021 alone. Nearly one in four people live in extreme poverty, while nearly half of the population is acute food insecurity.
These flows have become evident in Panama, which reports more than 88,500 irregular migrant entries, mostly from Haiti so far in 2021. This figure from September 30 indicates that an additional 18,500 migrants have entered the country. Panama in seven days since September 23.
Protection remains a concern, with officials reporting the discovery of 40 human remains in the dense Darien jungle on Panama’s eastern border with Colombia during the week. While violence is common along the route, authorities say they have also found the remains of nine people following heavy rains which other migrants say took away some of their group.
FROM CENTRAL AMERICA AND MEXICO
Migrant encounters at the US-Mexico border so far in 2021 exceed 2019 and 2020 combined. According to U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the United States has encountered more than 1.5 million migrants, mostly from El Salvador,
Guatemala and Honduras, along the US-Mexico border since the start of fiscal 2021 in October 2021. The total is a record that exceeds the 1.4 million combined matches recorded in 2019 (977,500) and 2020 (458). 000).
Deteriorating conditions amid chronic violence, poverty, inequality and food security and its driving effects on cross-border migration continue to pose immediate humanitarian challenges in countries of origin and transit.
The UN in Chile expresses its concern over recent reports of violence and xenophobia against Venezuelan migrants in Chile. Following the evacuation by the police of hundreds of families from a makeshift camp set up in a public square in the northern port city of Iquique, some 3,000 demonstrators took to the streets, provoking protests. attacks on migrants and fires against their property. Police forces intervened to put an end to the attacks on the migrants, who had remained in the camp for months.
The UN in Chile called for an end to the violence and expressed its willingness to offer technical assistance and to work with national and local authorities. The Chilean Interior Ministry denounced the protests but added that the authorities will continue the expulsions and planned expulsions of undocumented migrants. According to the Jesuit Migrants Service Foundation in Chile, some 23,600 undocumented migrants entered Chile in the first half of 2021, almost 7,000 more than in 2020.